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Introducing Digital Practice for Doctors & Healthcare professionals

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Introducing Digital Practice for Doctors & Healthcare professionals

Dear Doctor / Healthcare Provider,

Aarogya Greetings!

We would like to present to you an opportunity to create a Digital Practice environment through aarogya.com which is a platform for healthcare professionals like you to leap frog in today's digital world.

Aarogya.com has been in existence for over a decade as a Healthcare information exchange portal and going forward we are looking at extending our services to care providers and care seekers even further.

In this regard, we would like to present the various advantages a Digital Practice initiative can create and open up for you and your patients.

It will not only create a Digital Presence and visibility for you, but also will help you in in connecting with your existing patients and attract new patients.

The platform will enable practitioners like you to establish yourself in a Digital World and exploit the nuances of the Web, Social Media and Mobile to leverage the expanse of technology and to conquer newer frontiers.

We have created successful business cases for Doctors & Healthcare professionals through the use of Websites, Portals, Facebook, Twitter and Mobile Apps.

We will partner with you in your journey and work alongside in making your endeavors a reality.


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Cut Diabetes Risk With 2 Spoonfuls of Yogurt a Day

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A daily tablespoon of yogurt can reduce the risk of type 2 Diabetes by nearly a fifth, according to a new Harvard study. Type 2 diabetes is a chronic condition that occurs when the body does not produce enough insulin, or the body's cells develop resistance to insulin.

Researchers from Harvard School of Public Health pooled the results of three prospective cohort studies that followed the medical history and lifestyle habits of health professionals. These studies included the Health Professionals' Follow-up Study (HFPS), which followed 51,529 US male dentists, pharmacists, vets, osteopathic physicians and podiatrists, aged from 40 to 75 years.

Cut Diabetes Risk With 2 Spoonfuls of Yogurt a Day
Eating yogurt may reduce type
2 diabetes risk

They also included Nurses' Health Study (NHS), which began in 1976, and followed 1,21,700 female US nurses aged from 30 to 55 years and Nurses' Health Study II (NHS II), which followed 1,16,671 female US nurses aged 25 to 42 years beginning in 1989.

"Our study benefited from having such a large sample size, high rates of follow up and repeated assessment of dietary and lifestyle factors," said Mu Chen, the study's lead author from Harvard School of Public Health.

Within the three cohorts 15,156 cases of type 2 diabetes were identified during the follow-up period. The researchers found that the total dairy consumption had no association with the risk of developing type 2 diabetes. They then looked at consumption of individual dairy products, such as skimmed milk, cheese, whole milk and yogurt. It was found that high consumption of yogurt was associated with a lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes. The authors found that consumption of one 28g yogurt per day was associated with an 18% lower risk of type 2 diabetes.


Source
Times Of India
28 November 2014
WASHINGTON
Disclaimer: The news story on this page is the copyright of the cited publication.This has been reproduced here for visitors to review, comment on and discuss. This is in keeping with the principle of ’Fair dealing’ or ’Fair use’. Visitors may click on the publication name, in the news story, to visit the original article as it appears on the publication’s website.

Dream Big...Shri Parag Shah, On a Journey to create 10k Entrepreneurs...

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Dream Big...Shri Parag Shah, On a Journey to create 10k Entrepreneurs...

One of the co-founders of aarogya.com, Shri Parag Shah inspiring through his talk on at TEDx Pune. 'Dream Big' ... An inspiration and a guiding lamp for us and many like us for years and years to come... Well as the saying goes.. .Little drops of Water, Make a mighty Ocean. On a mission to create 10k Entrepreneurs to impact over 2Million citizens of India through Healthcare, Education and more...



26 November 2014
Disclaimer: The news story on this page is the copyright of the cited publication.This has been reproduced here for visitors to review, comment on and discuss. This is in keeping with the principle of ’Fair dealing’ or ’Fair use’. Visitors may click on the publication name, in the news story, to visit the original article as it appears on the publication’s website.

6 Health Care Devices That Could Help Millions of People

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Health Care Devices Source: Thinkstock

As the health care that citizens of wealthy, developed countries are familiar with grows more and more sophisticated with constant advances in technology, health care in the developing world is a completely different picture. In countries in Asia and Africa, even as more consumers gain mobile phones, basic, life-saving medical technology is lacking. Millions of people worldwide don’t have access to adequate health care, and in many countries, millions don’t have access to a hospital or clinic at all without traveling long distances.

But even as technology becomes less expensive to produce and devices become easier to develop, the medical technology that’s abundant in hospitals in the U.S., as an example, is still extremely expensive, and inaccessible to physicians and patients in the developing world. Many rural clinics even lack consistent access to electricity or to basic supplies.

So a growing number of entrepreneurs, companies, and foundations are creating alternate health care devices that have the potential to help millions of people globally. The World Health Organization says that medical devices are “essential for safe and effective prevention, diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation of illness and disease.” The group defines a medical device as “An article, instrument, apparatus or machine that is used in the prevention, diagnosis or treatment of illness or disease, or for detecting, measuring, restoring, correcting or modifying the structure or function of the body for some health purpose. Typically, the purpose of a medical device is not achieved by pharmacological, immunological or metabolic means.”

Let’s take a look at a small selection of the health care devices that are currently in various stages of being field-tested or distributed to developing countries around the world. Some of them are diagnostic tools, others make routine procedures safer, and all of them deliver life-saving capability that most of us take for granted to places where they can be of huge benefit to millions of people.

1. D-Rev Brilliance
D-Rev Brilliance Source: D-rev.org

Brilliance jaundice treatment device

The D-Rev Brilliance is an energy-efficient device that provides treatment for jaundice, a condition that can be effectively treated by shining intense blue light onto a baby’s skin. About three in five children have some degree of jaundice, and for 16.5 percent of babies the condition is severe enough to necessitate treatment. If left untreated, severe jaundice can lead to severe brain damage, a neurological condition called kernicterus, or death.

D-Rev estimates that six million babies every year don’t receive adequate treatment for jaundice. Current devices are expensive to purchase and maintain, and studies of medical facilities in India and Nigeria revealed that 95 percent of devices in low-income hospitals and clinics didn’t meet standards for intensive phototherapy. One in three phototherapy devices had at least one bulb burned out or missing, and compact florescent bulbs cost about $15 each and last approximately four months.

Many hospitals have trouble sourcing these bulbs and, and since devices use an average of six bulbs each, they can’t afford to replace them as often as necessary. Brilliance’s LEDs last 25 times longer than compact fluorescent bulbs, consume less than half the power required by traditional bulbs. Brilliance is currently used in India and in other parts of the world, where the company targets the hospitals where the sickest children are referred.

2. ReMotion

The ReMotion Knee, also by D-Rev, is a knee joint for the developing world, where trauma, disease, and natural disasters result in hundreds of thousands of new amputees every year. For patients in low-resource environments, modern prosthetics are expensive, costing thousands of dollars or more. They’re also inaccessible, and even those who are able to pay are unlikely to be able to get to an appropriate prosthetics clinic.

Existing affordable prosthetic leg systems typically use single-axis knee joints, which are unstable and can buckle, particularly when amputees walk on rough terrain. The ReMotion knee is a high-performance, low-cost joint that a trained clinician can custom-mold to fit the patient and assemble it with the other components of a prosthetic leg system. D-Rev is a nonprofit product development company headed by Krista Donaldson, PhD.

3. Hemafuse and 4. (r)Evolve
Hemafuse Source: Sisuglobalhealth.com

The Hemafuse is a manual autotransfusion device that’s used to retransfuse a patient’s own blood in the case of an internal hemorrhage, such as a ruptured ectopic pregnancy or with injuries caused by a road accident. The Hemause looks like a giant syringe, and suctions blood through a filter when its handle is pulled up. When the handle is pushed down, the blood is transferred into a blood bag in a closed system. The device provides a sanitary alternative to the common method of salvaging a patient’s blood by using a soup ladle to spoon the blood through gauze before putting it back into the body.

The (r)Evolve is a centrifuge that can separate blood either with or without the use of electricity in three minutes. The technology enables health workers to perform blood separation for rapid diagnostic tests, which are currently used to detect diseases like HIV, malaria, hepatitis, syphilis, and typhoid fever. Blood separation can also extend the timeframe within which a blood sample needs to be tested, increasing the window from two hours to three days.

Both the Hemafuse and the (r)Evolve were developed by Sisu Global Health, a Michigan-based startup that’s completed four years of field research. Sisu’s three founders, Carolyn Yarina, Gillian Henker, and Katie Kirsch, want to create a pipeline to manufacture medical devices in Michigan, where there are abundant resources for such manufacturing, and export them to Ghana and India. The idea is to create a profitable and sustainable medical device platform, which will eventually produce more devices for what the company’s LinkedIn page refers to as “emerging health care markets.”

Sisu’s criteria for testing the devices it develops are that they prove for patients and clinicians to use, that they save time for doctors and clinicians, that they’re intuitive both to use and to repair, that they’re robust in low-resource environments, and that they’re locally-affordable for both hospitals and patients.The startup recently won a $250,000 grant from Saving Lives at Birth: A Grand Challenge for Development, a competition for technology to combat infant and maternal mortality, sponsored by USAID and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.

5. Swasthya Slate

The Swasthya Slate is a health care device that connects to Android tablet or phone and conducts 33 diagnostic tests. It can measure routine metrics like heart rate, ECG, blood pressure, blood type, or body temperature; test for diseases like malaria, dengue, hepatitis B, HIV-1 and HIV-2, and typhoid; and use disposable strips to perform a variety of other diagnostics on urine and blood samples.

Quartz reports that in addition to being cheap, the tests are 95 percent accurate. The device was created by Dr. Kanav Kahol, a former assistant professor at Arizona State University who returned to India to head up the affordable health technologies division at the Public Health Foundation of India. According to OPEN, Kahol was able to develop the device in three months and at a cost of $11,000, a fraction of what he estimated development would take in the U.S. The device will be commercially available for $640 by the end of the year, and tests represent a huge cost savings; a Swasthya Slate test for dengue, for example, costs $5 versus the $25 to $80 it would cost in a city clinic or hospital.

Millions of people in India don’t have access to hospitals or clinical laboratories, and would have to travel for hours to have diagnostic tests performed. World Bank data shows that India has 0.7 physicians for every thousand people, versus 2.5 in the U.S. With the Swasthya Slate, midwives or community health workers can conduct tests, administer basic treatments, and decide which patients to refer to a physician.

Kahol’s goal with the Swasthya Slate is to save lives that would previously have been lost due to lack of diagnosis or even lack of screening in areas where access to health care is poor. So far, the device has been tested in eighty locations worldwide, with tests currently being conducted in thirteen states in India. When the portable device conducts a test, it transmits the results to the connected Android device via Bluetooth, and later uploads the results to a central database via a 3G connection. The database can serve as a resource both for doctors and for the government, which finds it challenging to create public health policies due to a traditional lack of relevant statistics. Kahol tells Quartz that the Swasthya Slate can help create information-driven health systems instead of intuition-driven systems.

6. Lifebox

Lifebox is a pulse oximeter that ensures safer surgery for patients in developing countries. (A pulse oximeter measures the oxygenated hemoglobin in the blood, via pulsating vessels in the capillaries of the finger or ear.) Pulse oximeters are an important tool in modern anesthesia practices, and sound an alarm as soon as they detect unsafe changes in the level of oxygen in a patient’s bloodstream. Thirty-one million operations take place every year without pulse oximeters, and over 70,000 operating rooms worldwide have to make do without pulse oximeters to monitor their patients during surgery.

Forty-one percent of operating theaters in Latin America don’t have pulse oximeters, compared to the 49 percent in South Asia that go without and the 70 percent in sub-Saharan Africa that don’t have them. That gap in monitoring means that tens of thousands of lives are lost every year, since even a simple procedure without adequate monitoring could be fatal.

The Lifebox Foundation says that death rates can be cut in half by increasing surgical safety standards worldwide. The Lifebox oximeter is a low-cost device, available for $250. The oximeter ships with a CD of the Lifebox education package of tutorials, videos, and exercises meant for self-learning or for classroom teaching. The oximeter itself features a high resolution rotating display, visual alarms, and audible alarms. It runs on a rechargeable battery or on AA batteries for when electricity is not available to recharge the battery.

Routine care and maintenance of the oximeter are explained in the manual in all six WHO languages (Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, and Spanish) because only only 36 percent of anesthetists in developing countries work in settings where there are individuals trained on how to repair equipment. The Lifebox Foundation advocates for sustainable changes in medical practice to raise the safety and quality standards of health care provided around the world.


Source
Tech CheatSheet
14 November 2014
Jess Bolluyt

Disclaimer: The news story on this page is the copyright of the cited publication.This has been reproduced here for visitors to review, comment on and discuss. This is in keeping with the principle of ’Fair dealing’ or ’Fair use’. Visitors may click on the publication name, in the news story, to visit the original article as it appears on the publication’s website.

Gut Bacteria Could Control Your Mind

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Researchers suggest that gut bacteria may affect our cravings and mood to get us to eat what they want, the discovery may have an impact on curing obesity and even cancer.

It sounds like science fiction, but it seems that bacteria within us - which outnumber our own cells about 100-fold - may very well be affecting both our cravings and moods to get us to eat what they want, and often are driving us toward obesity.

In an article published in the journal BioEssays, researchers from UC San Francisco, Arizona State University and University of New Mexico concluded from a review of the recent scientific literature that microbes influence human eating behaviour and dietary choices to favour consumption of the particular nutrients they grow best on, rather than simply passively living off whatever nutrients we choose to send their way.

Gut Bacteria Could Control Your Mind

Manipulative Bacteria

Bacterial species vary in the nutrients they need. Some prefer fat, and others sugar, for instance. But they not only vie with each other for food and to retain a niche within their ecosystem - our digestive tracts - they also often have different aims than we do when it comes to our own actions, according to senior author Athena Aktipis.

While it is unclear exactly how this occurs, the authors believe this diverse community of microbes, collectively known as the gut microbiome, may influence our decisions by releasing signaling molecules into our gut. Because the gut is linked to the immune system, the endocrine system and the nervous system, those signals could influence our physiologic and behavioural responses.

"Bacteria within the gut are manipulative," said Carlo Maley, corresponding author on the paper." "There is a diversity of interests represented in the microbiome, some aligned with our own dietary goals, and others not."

Fortunately, it's a two-way street. We can influence the compatibility of these microscopic, single-celled houseguests by deliberating altering what we ingest, Maley said, with measurable changes in the microbiome within 24 hours of diet change.

"Our diets have a huge impact on microbial populations in the gut," Maley said. "It's a whole ecosystem, and it's evolving on the time scale of minutes."

There are even specialised bacteria that digest seaweed, found in humans in Japan, where seaweed is popular in the diet.

Probiotics to the Rescue

Research suggests that gut bacteria may be affecting our eating decisions in part by acting through the vagus nerve, which connects 100 million nerve cells from the digestive tract to the base of the brain.

"Microbes have the capacity to manipulate behavior and mood through altering the neural signals in the vagus nerve, changing taste receptors, producing toxins to make us feel bad, and releasing chemical rewards to make us feel good," said Aktipis.

In mice, certain strains of bacteria increase anxious behavior. In humans, one clinical trial found that drinking a probiotic containing Lactobacillus casei improved mood in those who were feeling the lowest.

Maley, Aktipis and first author Joe Alcock, from the University of New Mexico, proposed further research to test the sway microbes hold over us. For example, would transplantation into the gut of the bacteria requiring a nutrient from seaweed lead the human host to eat more seaweed?

The speed with which the microbiome can change may be encouraging to those who seek to improve health by altering microbial populations. This may be accomplished through food and supplement choices, by ingesting specific bacterial species in the form of probiotics, or by killing targeted species with antibiotics. Optimising the balance of power among bacterial species in our gut might allow us to lead less obese and healthier lives, according to the authors.

"Because microbiota are easily manipulatable by prebiotics, probiotics, antibiotics, fecal transplants, and dietary changes, altering our microbiota offers a tractable approach to otherwise intractable problems of obesity and unhealthy eating," the authors wrote.

In fact, the evolution of tumors and of bacterial communities are linked, points out Aktipis, who said some of the bacteria that normally live within us cause stomach cancer and perhaps other cancers.

"Targeting the microbiome could open up possibilities for preventing a variety of disease from obesity and diabetes to cancers of the gastro-intestinal tract. We are only beginning to scratch the surface of the importance of the microbiome for human health," she said. - MM

Source
Pune Mirror
19 Aug 2014

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