HAV infection is benign with complete recovery in several weeks. The case fatality rate is very low (less than 0.1 %) Usually from acute liver failure though the disease has low mortality patients may be incapacitated for few weeks.
In Maharashtra majority of outbreaks of Hepatitis E virus have been reported.However incidence of hepatitis A is declining. Sporadic cases are reported from urban area. Outbreaks of hepatitis A virus infection are associated with contaminated water supply with faecal matter.
How big of a health problem is Hepatitis B in India?
Hepatitis B is a major health problem in India, under WHO standard category of a medium endemicity country with a prevalence of 2% to 7% of the population. That is about 4.7 crore people are HBsAg – positive. Infections can occur in all age groups; however, high rates of chronic infection are maintained mostly in infants & children.
Who is Commonly Affected by Viral Hepatitis?
- Infection with Hepatitis A virus (HAV) is more frequent among children.
- Young adults aged 15–40 years are affected by Hepatitis E virus (HEV).
- Both sexes are equally susceptible.
- Immunity after an attack of Infective hepatitis is life long – second attack rare.
- Commonly occurs in community having poor personal & environmental status.
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